For my presentation I decided to research and report on fear and loathing in China. What I discovered was not only repression in the available information, but also in the law that dictates how the persons who violate the rules are treated.
No unit or individual may use the Internet to create, replicate, retrieve, or transmit the following kinds of information:
1. Inciting to resist or violate the Constitution or laws or the implementation of administrative regulations;
2. Inciting to overthrow the government or the socialist system;
3. Inciting division of the country, harming national unification;
4. Inciting hatred or discrimination among nationalities or harming the unity of the nationalities;
5. Making falsehoods or distorting the truth, spreading rumors, destroying the order of society;
6. Promoting feudal superstitions, sexually suggestive material, gambling, violence, murder,
7. Engaging in terrorism or inciting others to criminal activity; openly insulting other people or distorting the truth to slander people;
8. Injuring the reputation of state organs;
Other activities against the Constitution, laws or administrative regulations.
These rules seem pretty basic, for Communists. After the whole Tiananmen Square incident, I can understand the Governments reasons for having these rules, but unfortunately with the internet people are communicating more than ever in a very hard to regulate way. As I learned too, because of the repression agains the people, the people are forced to become more clever than their country. Therefore when I learned that Chinese people made up a significant population of Hackers that you can hire, I was not surprised at all. In fact I am proud of the people that can escape the repression and even make money off of it. I wonder if all these super-smart hackers get together and take down the guards in China, the Gov. would be in serious trouble. I think that because of the new-ness of the technology, the people have more knowledge than the Gov. Go Chinese rebels!
The regulations are not just for the people but the Telecomunication companies:
No organization or individual may use telecommunications networks to make, duplicate, issue, or disseminate information containing the following:
(1) Material that opposes the basic principles established by the constitution;
(2) Material that jeopardizes national security, reveals state secrets, subverts state power, or undermines national unity;
(3) Material that harms the prosperity and interests of the state;
(4) Material that arouses ethnic animosities, ethnic discrimination, or undermines ethnic solidarity;
(5) Material that undermines state religious policies, or promotes cults and feudal superstitions;
(6) Material that spreads rumors, disturbs social order, or undermines social stability;
(7) Material that spreads obscenities, pornography, gambling, violence, murder, terror, or instigates crime;
(8) Material that insults or slanders others or violates the legal rights and interests of others;
(9) Material that has other contents prohibited by laws or administrative regulations.
Yikes right? Some of these rules can be so loosely interpreted, that any remark could fall into any of these categories! In essence, most of the companies are too scared to open business in China, so only chinese owned and run companies are going to rule the market. The repression shows the giant gap between the average person and the rich person, they are leagues away and there is nothing anyone can do about it, except spread the knowledge. Again go Chinese Hackers go~
Again the country regulates activity in internet-cafe’s because of the anamotity of a cafe, you can just run out of the cafe after doing your bad biuseness, whatever it may be and the cafe will be held responsible for any thing you say. The chineese people all know the brutality of the police force, and I think that even someone you really hated, you could not do that to. Look at the rules:
lease take note that the following issues are prohibited according to Chinese law:
1. Criticism of the PRC Constitution
2. Revealing State secrets, and discussion about overthrowing the Communist government
3. Topics that damage the reputation of the State
4. Discussions that ignite ethnic animosity, discrimination or regional separatism
5. Discussion that undermines the state’s religious policy, as well as promotes evil cults and superstition
6. Spreading rumors, perpetrating and disseminating false news that promotes disorder and social instability
7. Dissemination of obscenity, sex, gambling, violence, and terror. Cyber-sex is not permitted within the English chat-room.
8. Humiliating or slandering innocent people
9. Any discussion and promotion of content which PRC laws prohibit
If you are a Chinese national and willingly choose to break these laws, Sohu.com is legally obliged to report you to the Public Security Bureau.
While some of the rules make sense, the really open-ended others make me worry, and for good reason. In several cases people have been persecuted for very good-intentioned causes. The article finishes with many cases of arrests and beatings, and trial-periods and detainees, for what appear to be helpful and innocent actions on the internet. As a final thought, I will show you one of my favorite cases of the individials that was persecuted, and still stick in Jail:
HUANG Qi (36). Trial on hold.
Huang Qi, a computer engineer, was charged with the crime of “instigation to subvert state power.” Huang, together with his wife Zeng Li, ran www.6-4tianwang.com, a website designed to find missing persons. On June 3, 2000, authorities in Chengdu, Sichuan province, detained Huang after they deemed the content posted “subversive.” On September 25, Huang Qi was reportedly beaten in detention by three policemen after notes he had taken were confiscated. During the beating, he lost one tooth and got a scar on his forehead, according to a letter he gave to his lawyer in November. On January 2, 2001, the Chengdu City Procuratorate accused Huang Qi of violating Articles 103 and 105 of the Criminal Law. The articles punish actions that involve “organizing national separatism, destroying national unity”; “organizing, plotting or carrying out activities aimed at subverting state political power”; and “overthrowing the socialist system.” Huang’s trial began on February 13, 2001, but the trial was suspended indefinitely after he reportedly fell ill. It was re-scheduled for June 27, but again postponed. No reason for the delay was announced, nor was a new trial date scheduled.
Poor man, I feel quite sorry for him, and also I am not surprised at all by this case. I have herd of several cases like this for various offenses, I think that while the rules are unfair, the actual point where China crosses the line into human rights, is in the lifestyle and jail-life. From where I stand, i see no immediate recovery or even changes, because any exterior interference would be a threat and China is so valuable to other countries because of the cheap labor. So all I can think of is of those Chinese hackers. go Chinese hackers go.